Cosmetics are substances or products used to enhance or alter the appearance of the face or fragrance and texture of the body.
Hairdressing as an occupation dates back thousands of years. Ancient art drawings and paintings have been discovered.
A barber is a person whose occupation is mainly to cut, dress, groom, style and shave men’s and boys’ hair. Most barbers now specialize.
Massage is the manipulation of soft tissues in the body. Massage techniques are commonly applied with hands, fingers, elbows.
A manicure is a cosmetic beauty treatment for the fingernails and hands performed at home or in a nail salon.
Cosmetics can be liquid or cream emulsions; powders, both pressed and loose; dispersions; and anhydrous creams or sticks.
The main reasons for this are cosmetic: to cover gray or white hair, to change to a color regarded as more fashionable or desirable, or to restore the original hair color after it has been discolored by hairdressing processes or sun bleaching.
The US Labor Department estimates employment in the United States will increase 20% between 2008–2014, with greatest employment growth from skin care specialists.
Skin care is expected to have revenue of almost $11 billion by 2018. This growth is being driven in part by a generally increasing awareness of the importance of skin care among American woman, but also specifically due to an increase in the market for men. The market is distributed widely across America, with a concentration in the Northeast and Midwest.
Although sales had declined from 2008 highs due to the Great Recession, they remain robust with long term positive forecast. Even though during recessions, consumers tend to be more price conscious, spending continues to increase. With rising per capita incomes across the United States since 2015, beauty salons are booming with the industry generating $56.2 billion in the United States.
Other treatments of the face are known as facials. Specialized beauty salons known as nail salons offer treatments such as manicures and pedicures for the nails. A manicure is a treatment for the hands, incorporating the fingernails and cuticles and often involving the application of nail polish, while a pedicure involves treatment of the feet, incorporating the toenails and the softening or removal of calluses.